The Incredible Equine Neck

HSV can be passed on when one person has the herpes virus present on the skin and another person makes direct skin-to-skin contact with live herpes virus. Certain vertebras press on the nerves that are inside the spinal canal (mostly in the area of the cervical vertebrae). By 1974 we determined this disease was caused by a protozoan organism. Horses that suffer from a spinal Ataxia are often called Wobbler. The important thing, we were told, was to rule out cervical compression of the spinal cord, which is the most common cause of ataxia in Europe, according to Virginie Coudry, DVM, DESV. “Seizures in the first few days of life of the foal can be acquired or congenital (born with it) in origin,” Paradis said, adding that acquired seizures are generally related to perinatal asphyxia (lack of oxygen in a neonate during the birth process), infection, or trauma; congenital causes include abnormally formed neurologic or skeletal tissue or a genetic defect. So from an economic as well as a welfare point of view, it’s time to cast aside any discomfort about this taboo topic and take a closer look at equine venereal diseases.

“Articular process joint disease is the commonest noninfectious cause of spinal ataxia (incoordination),” Hepburn said. Cold sores on the mouth and genital herpes are medically the same condition. ACVSMR, MRCVS, professor and McPhail Dressage Chair Emerita at Michigan State University’s (MSU) College of Veterinary Medicine, in East Lansing, and president of Sport Horse Science, in Mason, Michigan. “This also highlights to the research community that we need better definitions of normal and abnormal gait, both for neurologic deficits and lameness,” he added. There is an article in TheHorse.com that indicates a simple neurological test that the owners of the horses can do, periodically, to see if his animals do not have any problem of this type: – Pressing on the back of the animal and seeing if it reacts. Mares repeatedly open and close the vulva as if in heat and have continuous urine dribbling and hind leg scalding. Rarely is a nervous condition able to be diagnosed solely on this examination.

Now the problem… In early or less severe cases of CKD, increased drinking and urination could be the only signs noted. Keywords: West Nile virus, Flavivirus, Horses, Equids 1. The second case, in Jefferson County, exhibited impaired vision, flaccid lips and could not rise from its downed position. If this disease goes untreated, as it worsens, the horse will develop labored breathing. Rather, it is usually to damage or other adverse effects on the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord): The through the sense organs (eye, ear, balance and touch) incoming environmental influences are incorrectly forwarded by the nerves. The major causes of spinal cord damage include malformation of the cervical vertebra, trauma to the vertebra from falling and viral (herpes or rhinopneumonitis) and protozoa (Sarcocystis neurona) infections.

Hind hoof placement responses were slower than expected and definitely abnormal in the right hind. “The goals of conservative treatment are to reduce inflammation and potentially treat any infectious process (in some cases a middle ear infection is believed to be the inciting cause),” Beard said. I would get your horse refferred to a veterinary hospital with a powerful xray machine for a diagnosis of how bad the problem is before you can discuss any possible way forwards. Neurona in their feces, horses ingest the parasite and it travels to their brain and spinal cord where it causes damage. However in your horses case it may be that choices are limited and this is an option you may be faced with choosing in which case take it. horses ranges from 30 to 40 percent for West Nile disease. Aborted foals rarely survive.

Neurological EHV-1 also is known as equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM). Aborted foals rarely survive. Histopathologic findings are localized to nuclei of the brain stem and vental horn of the spinal cord and include chromatolysis, swelling, neurofilamentous accumulations, axonal spheroids and eosinophilic inclusions.103,104 Secondary lesions resulting from the loss of motor neurons include peripheral nerve degeneration and severe neurogenic muscle atrophy. The effects on transmission due to environmental factors could play a significant role in the etiology of equine outbreaks due to the requirements for high infection rates for disease to be observed with various WNV lineage viruses. Pregnant mares infected with Rhino may abort late in pregnancy and show little or no obvious clinical symptoms prior. “Eighty percent of the horses I have rehabilitated are in full competitive work and have no limitations, whatsoever,” reports Anne Stahl, a Northville, Mich., dressage trainer (Rosehill Farm) and FEI level dressage rider who has worked closely for nearly two decades with equine lameness specialist R.J. Infections with EHV may then become complicated with neurological manifestations or spontaneous abortion.