Male Circumcision | HIV Risk Reduction Tool

Therefore, it should be up to the affected individual himself (or indeed herself, in analogous circumstances) to decide about permanent genital-modification surgeries at such a time as he or she can meaningfully factor in his or her own preferences and values [see Ref. Male circumcision and HIV control in Africa: questioning scientific evidence and the decision-making process. Newborn circumcision resulted in savings in costs and in quality-adjusted life-years for all males and for black and Hispanic males. We calculated the percentage of difference in lifetime risk for circumcised versus uncircumcised men and the number of circumcisions needed to prevent one HIV infection. Modeling may provide important information on (1) the impact on the US epidemic from increasing male circumcision rates, and (2) the cost–benefit ratio of circumcision among newborns, or among adult men with high risk of exposure to HIV through sex. Low conducted a survey of restorers on his website that drew 950 respondents. Nor do Gray and Tobian discuss the morbidity and mortality (or iatrogenic transmission of HIV itself) such a campaign, whether in Africa or the USA, would entail.

Performing oral sex means your mouth on a man’s penis or genitals. Many European medical experts dispute these studies, and detect more than a whiff of cultural bias in favour of circumcision due to its peculiar status as a birth ritual in American society. While FGM is condemned in the U.S., male circumcision is not similarly challenged. Information collected included demographics, race, ethnicity, current and past STDs, and circumcision status as documented by the examining practitioner. All participants are offered an anonymous HIV test, which is linked to the survey data though a unique survey identifier. A total of 100 individuals, 33 men and 67 women, completed this study. But some prominent Mormons refused, insisting vociferously that their religious practices trumped the law.

Was Nebus’ criminal background, or lack thereof, ever placed before the court? For this budget impact analysis, we developed a model from the perspective of the Medicaid program with the outcomes reported in terms of projected additional HIV cases and subsequent cost accrued. I weakly assented to my family’s desires. Jonathan Mermin. Some studies have recommended medical male circumcision (MMC). Over the last five to seven years, there’s an increasing amount of evidence that circumcision has its benefits for health. In addition to reducing the risk for HIV, research indicates circumcision cuts the risk of getting HPV and herpes by about a third, according to a review Gray published last week in the Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine.

“I’d like to make one thing very clear right up front: This lawsuit is not driven by any anti-Jewish resentments, but by the strong belief that all children bear the same inalienable rights,” Bahls’s website announces. The report also notes, “The WHO review quoted three randomized controlled trials suggesting that circumcision reduces the risk of acquiring HIV infection in males. Phimosis needs to be differentiated from the normal nonretractile foreskin. 2. Part of it had to do with changing demographics, as the U.S. U.S. And research has not found circumcision to be a help in stopping spread of HIV during gay sex.

general populace in the 20th century. While all procedures are not exactly the same in terms of the anesthetic or equipment used, the basic concept involves providing pain relief, removing adhesions (tissue attachments between the inner lining of the foreskin and head of the penis), applying a protective clamp, excising the exposed foreskin, removing the clamp and finally covering the area with Vaseline and gauze. But you can’t now say circumcision as a whole doesn’t confer some health benefit. Susan Blank, a pediatrician and chairwoman of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ circumcision task force, told Shots. “risk of surgical complications” but rather benefit vs. If published, the proposed guidelines would be the first ever federal guidelines on male circumcision. The rate at which U.S.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released proposed guidance on circumcision that says the surgical procedure would help straight men in the United States reduce their risk of becoming infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Lena Solow teaches sixth graders how to prevent STIs in her sex education classes at the Rafael Hernandez Dual Language Magnet School in the Bronx, New York. June 8, 2012 — A rare Jewish tradition performed during ritual circumcision carries a 3.4-fold increased risk for neonatal herpes simplex viral infection (HSV-1) relative to the general population, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) study published in the June 7 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. According to the CDC, that figure could be even higher, around 42 percent. Draft federal recommendations don’t usually raise eyebrows, but this one certainly will — that males of all ages, including teenage boys, should be counseled on the health benefits of circumcision.