Cercopithecine Herpesvirus 9 (Simian Varicella Virus) Infection after Total-Body Irradiation in a Rhesus Macaque (Macaca

Samples from the index case demonstrated seroconversion while housed at the WaNPR–Tulane facility during the year before arrival at the WaNPRC; seropositivity was maintained for a period of 18 mo. Rivailler et al. P/N values were determined as follows: the OD value of a test or positive control serum reacted with an antigen was divided by the OD value of the negative control serum reacted with the same antigen. XX30, XX38, XX43, XX32, XX71 & XX76 in ), other recombinants had a second recombination point located in one or both halves of the UL region (eg. Each isolate was tested against the drug in at least two independent experiments. Another case occurred in a 4 year-old Asian calf (#NAG7) that was suspected of having early stage EEHV disease and was given pre-emptive famciclovir after displaying oral lesions and tongue discoloration. 979 (age, 22.5 to 26.8 y; ).

The RACE data confirmed that this termination point was in fact the 5′ terminus of the genome. The abrupt temporal transition from protective to ineffective suggested that some event occurred at this transition point and had a major effect on the efficacy of drug therapy. We therefore introduced a stop codon immediately adjacent to the first amino acid of the TM region of gD (Fig. In another report,7 severe hemorrhagic skin rash was associated with an increased risk of pneumonia and hepatitis, resulting in a poor prognosis. Most healthy animals exposed to an SRV viremic animal mount a measurable immune response within 6 weeks of exposure, so it is important to test animals 6 to 8 weeks after possible exposure or after a change in housing environment where SRV-positive animals are present. Some institutions have found that alfalfa is of benefit in caring for some colobines. Interestingly, although many viral TKs reside within or close to the site(s) of virion replication, this is not uniformly the case, as shown for some members of the alphaherpesvirus family (18) and recently for the rhadinovirus TKs (31).


18. A cohort of RhLCV-seronegative rhesus macaques obtained from an ‘expanded specific pathogen-free’ colony were inoculated with 106 transforming units of RhLCV applied atraumatically to the oral mucosa.57 Animals then were followed with weekly clinical examinations, during which blood was collected for complete blood counts and fluorescence-activated cell sorting of peripheral blood lymphocytes. M. UL32.The predicted product of the open reading frame at 19573 to 18200 bears 29 to 33% identity and 41 to 49% similarity to the compared major envelope glycoproteins (Table 2). Then, we calculated the most parsimonious trees consistent with these alignments by using the Protpars program. The first EcoRIa site is about 1 kb from the RL, while the last EcoRIb site is about 7 kb from the RL (); therefore, it is calculated that EcoRI fragments hybridized by the UL56 probe are about 6 kb larger than those hybridized by the UL1 probe (). These 40 sequences were uploaded in FASTA format to the MEME program website to generate a PWM (http://meme.sdsc.edu/meme/cgi-bin/meme.cgi) (6, 8).

This motif from exon 3 part B is the conserved one, but it is somewhat larger than it was described previously (2) (see Fig. In addition, there are a large number of non-coding RNAs based on the viral DNA that serve various regulatory functions. The herpesviruses used for comparison and their accession numbers are as follows: Epstein-Barr virus 1 (EBV, NC_007605), caviid herpesvirus (CavHV-2, FJ355434); mouse cytomegalovirus (MuHV-1, NC_004065), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV, X17403), human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6, AF157706), human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7, AF037218), human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8, AF148805), rat cytomegalovirus (MuHV-2, NC_002512), cercopithecine herpesvirus 8 (CeHV-8, AY186194), saimiriine herpesvirus 2 (SaHV-2, NC_001350), and tupaiid herpesvirus 1 (TuHV-1, AF281817). RNAz predicts widespread conserved and stable RNA structure covering 49% of the long W repeat intron. Once plaques developed (48 hrs), individual plaques were picked and inoculated onto Vero cells. Cells were fixed, permeabilized, and incubated with serum (1:25) from macaque M04203, obtained before and after RFHV infection. DPOL gene sequences were detected in 343 blood and tissue samples and seven cell lines.

Periodic medical evaluations and appropriate immunization schedules are advisable for some risk categories. Herpesviruses utilize two different types of replication origins during lytic and latent infections. Why BV and HVP2 should be so very divergent in regard to their apparent neurovirulence in humans is unknown. In addition to LHV-4, three naturally occurring herpesviruses of rabbits and hares (leporids) called Leporid herpesvirus (LHV-1, -2 and -3) have been identified (Roizman and Pellett, 2001). 2, and electron microscopy of liver from this animal demonstrated herpesvirus particles within hepatocytes. Immunohistochemistry was positive for herpesvirus. B virus was isolated from oral or conjunctival and genital tissues in equal proportions.

Clinical utility of the developed real-time PCR was evaluated by testing genomic DNA prepared from B virus clinical isolates (n=23) and human and monkey clinical specimens (n=62).