Animal-Related Hazards – Environment, Health and Safety

Applications To be used as a diagnostic assay or kit. The monkeys, emboldened by free handouts, go on to raid trash receptacles and the gardens and market stalls of villagers, “receiv[ing] significant components of their nutrimental requirements from humans or human activity” (3). Willy, M.E., Woodward, R.A., Thornton, V.B., Wolff, A.V., Flynn, B.M., Heath, J.L., Villamarzo, Y.S., Smith, S., Bellini, W.J. Please contact us. Herpesvirus simiae (Herpes B, B-virus, Cercopithicine herpesvirus 1). “The Doomsday Strain”. Another local villager, Chem Cheng, 25, said he gets paid $1 a day to hold the animals down while the researchers he described as “monkey doctors” extract blood samples from the primates, the breeding stock of which were collected in the Tonle Sap Lake area and Kratie province.

Lifetime patient monitoring is provided to identify possible reactivation disease and to better track this unique herpesvirus as it has begun its existence in the human populations. It is currently not possible to completely replace animal models with computer simulations or cell cultures. Recent studies indicate that considerable intraspecies variation exists among common nonhuman primates. This puts a major strain on the very limited number of sanctuaries capable of providing adequate care for primates. People who get campylobacteriosis usually recover completely within 2 to 5 days, although sometimes recovery can take up to 10 days. Animal bites also prompt a veterinary review of the animal handling circumstances to ensure that you used proper animal handling techniques. Agents participating in the case were Lt.

Schapiro, discusses changes in the Rhesus macaque and chimpanzee breeding program at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in terms of specific pathogen free status. Simian Foamy Virus Isolated from an Accidentally Infected Human Individual. If a monkey with that virus were to bite a person, it could have dangerous health consequences, he said. Fatal infections caused by HSV have been documented in gibbons, patas and colobus monkeys [1,2]. Gray, W.L. Animals from an uncontrolled environment: animals that were captured directly from a natural range of the animal species and imported less than two (2) years after capture where only limited health guarantees can be supported. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit.

Beth was working as a research assistant at Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center at Emory University in Atlanta in the fall of 1997 where she was engaged in behavioral research on hormonal influences in Rhesus Macaques — or the Rhesus Monkeys — and was in the process of applying to continue her pursuit of graduate studies and research in the field of biological/psychological sciences. Some other animals have been relocated to the Phoenix Zoo. In addition to their potential roles in promoting/facilitating host switches, primatologists, by virtue of their repeated and often intensive exposure to multiple pathogens over extended periods of time could play a role as ‘mixing vessels’ for genetic recombination of pathogens. The search for diseases in which the NHP could be a potential comparative model for human disease. Assay throughput is an additional limitation. Retrieved 2010-03-25. Often, especially when new treatments are first applied to nonhuman primates, the risk of infection may be unknown initially, and unexpected signs and symptoms of infection may not become apparent until the end of the study period.

Treatment is difficult and usually not attempted. Most protocols use enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), indirect immunofluorescent antibody assays (IFAs), Western blot analysis, or various combinations of these immunoassays. Surprisingly, many primate research studies have also used provisioning. Many captive colonies of nonhuman primates (NHP) are purposefully managed to achieve at least two critical goals: 1) to minimize the transmission of disease in the colony [Morton et al., 2008; Roberts & Andrews, 2008] and 2) to maximize the social opportunities available to the animals that comprise the colony [Schapiro et al., 1994]. At least one former CEO of a scientific research laboratory says that his company purchased monkeys from Cheslak to breed test subjects, though that particular arrangement ended some time ago and it’s not known where the captured animals are being sent now. For these reasons the diagnosis of infectious complications is difficult among post-transplant NHPs. Antigenically, HSV 1 and HSV 2 were most closely related to each other although both SA 8 and B virus were also very closely related to HSV 1.

The little monkey, suspected to be a transient release, had been attacked by a resident group of  macaques patrolling their territory. They can also spread diseases that can be deadly to humans. P0004 – Ultrasensitive qualitative screen for SIV/HIV-2/HIV-1 by real time polymerase chain reaction – detects but does not differentiate SIVsmm, SIVmac, SIVagm, SIVmnd, SIVsyk, SIVcpz, SIVhu and HIV-2 (A and B subtypes), HIV-1 subtypes A, B, D, F, H and N. Another concern is the advent of fall hunting seasons that could place humans in close proximity to the wooded areas where the primate — or primates, as DNR officials have not ruled out that the sightings could involve more than one of the animals — is believed to be.