L. Down East Books, Camden, Maine. Hear the Gray Treefrog mating call: Your browser does not support the audio element. Eggs are laid in July, in the aquatic habitat where the adults live, and will hatch in a few days. Also available on the web at http://www.defenders.org/newsroom/defenders_magazine/spring_2009/on_the_ground_untangling_ribbon_snakes.php (accessed April 24, 2009; includes podcast and article). McDiarmid, Kimberly A. If you need to handle them, do so gently.
Similar to the American Toad in colouration, tan to light brown with many darker brown or reddish blotches. The typical size of a hatchling is about 1.4 inches. Predators and Defense: Smooth green snakes are probably eaten by birds, such as hawks and American crows, by large snakes, such as milk snakes, and by some mammals, such as raccoons and foxes. The Plainbelly Watersnake (Nerodia erythrogaster) is particularly prominent amongst breeding choruses of this frog and undoubted prey upon them when encountered. Food Habits: Diet mainly of earthworms, fish and amphibians, especially frogs, and occasionally includes small reptiles. I t pursues and eats any small animal that moves. That publication maps the historic distribution of reptile and amphibian species in Maryland from the early 1900s through the mid 1970s using sightings and locality records of specimens collected and held in private collections, universities, museums, and with the Natural History Society of Maryland .
Remarks: Most Kansas specimens were collected from the Kansas River below the low water dam at Lawrence, in association with the doctoral research of Dr. Atlantic Hawksbill Sea Turtle Fact Sheet – Atlantic Hawksbill Sea Turtle: species description, life history, distribution and habitat, status, management and research needs. They are solitary, and there is very little social structure or parental care. Reilly, S. This competition is generally non-violent, consisting of head-bobs and push-ups; however among two lizards similar in size, one may aggressively chase the other away. 356. American Museum Novitates.
Collins, Joseph T. Once the eggs are laid they cover the hole and leave. These glands secrete a viscous white poison that gets smeared in the mouth of any would-be predator, inflaming the mouth and throat and causing nausea, irregular heart beat, and, in extreme cases, death. 2000. Hall, Henry H. Bonett and Chippindale (2004) restricted Eurycea multiplicata to those populations south of the Arkansas River in Arkansas and Oklahoma. Type obtained by Dr.
University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Lawrence. The type locality of this taxon is in Leavenworth County, however there are no additional specimens to support that record north of Miami County or even across the state line into Missouri. 2000. The male will bite the head or neck of the female during courtship and keep a hold during copulation. Remarks: Many of the available specimens from Kansas do not permit examination of the skull or they exist as a shell only. References: 1853. County Breakdown: County Name (# occurrences) Allen (5), Anderson (27), Atchison (3), Barber (31), Barton (3), Bourbon (17), Brown (3), Butler (3), Chase (5), Chautauqua (7), Cherokee (25), Cheyenne (34), Clark (10), Clay (1), Cloud (3), Coffey (3), Comanche (3), Cowley (29), Crawford (12), Decatur (6), Dickinson (4), Doniphan (5), Douglas (123), Edwards (11), Elk (1), Ellis (90), Ellsworth (3), Finney (137), Ford (25), Franklin (27), Geary (5), Gove (14), Graham (10), Grant (7), Gray (1), Greeley (1), Greenwood (18), Hamilton (30), Harper (13), Harvey (1), Haskell (6), Hodgeman (8), Jackson (1), Jefferson (4), Jewell (1), Johnson (1), Kearney (9), Kingman (5), Kiowa (17), Labette (12), Lane (4), Leavenworth (8), Lincoln (1), Linn (4), Logan (35), Lyon (6), Marion (5), McPherson (3), Meade (37), Miami (21), Mitchell (1), Montgomery (12), Morris (1), Morton (46), Nemaha (1), Neosho (3), Ness (4), Norton (3), Osage (4), Osborne (3), Ottawa (1), Pawnee (1), Phillips (13), Pottawatomie (4), Pratt (7), Rawlins (14), Reno (22), Republic (1), Rice (10), Riley (10), Rooks (5), Rush (3), Russell (45), Saline (9), Scott (2), Sedgwick (4), Seward (13), Shawnee (9), Sheridan (5), Sherman (3), Smith (1), Stafford (35), Stanton (9), Stevens (8), Sumner (10), Thomas (4), Trego (46), Wabaunsee (8), Wallace (42), Washington (9), Wichita (2), Wilson (2), Woodson (4), Wyandotte (2) Reproduction: Legler (1960) found that most Kansas males become reproductively mature at 8-9 years (100-109 mm), while females were at 10-11 years (110-129mm).
Although, well-represented and documented by specimens in the state the status of the Grotto Salamander remains precarious. Food Habits: Eats mainly earthworms, also slugs and other small invertebrates. Distribution: Found in streams, rivers, and impoundments south and east of a line from Seward County in the southwest to Doniphan County in the north east. Males also have broad areas of skin showing between plastral scutes, whereas females have very small areas of skin in these spaces. 1995). Remarks: First reported in Kansas by Smith (1946) based on a series of specimens captured on 21 October 1921 at Schermerhorn Park Cave by E.