A-rings (oesophagus) | Radiology Reference Article

Regurgitation and an inability to swallow saliva are suggestive of esophageal obstruction. The only thing more important to Dr Laufer than his professional life was his family. Cold sores, also called feverblisters or herpes simplex type 1, are groups of painful, fluid-filled blisters. The anterior and posterior cervical spaces are not actually enclosed by their own fascia but are delimited by other fascial compartments. About 60% of these tumors are located in the distal third of the esophagus, 30% in the middle third, and 10% in the proximal third (3). In our case, the patient was not immunocompromised as evidenced by the negative HIV screening and had no previous instrumentation or surgical intervention. Severe disease appears as extensive, confluent, large plaques, giving the mucosa a“shaggy”pattern.

Note that overall volume of amniotic fluid (A) appears subjectively increased. The medical records of all patients identified were reviewed by 2 physicians (PJ and LA) to ensure that patients fulfilled the revised ACR criteria for SLE [9,10] and had clinical and radiological evidence for small bowel involvement (Small bowel wall edema, abnormal bowel-wall enhancement [double halo or target sign], dilatation of bowel lumen and mesenteric abnormalities such as engorgement of mesenteric vessels, increased number of visible vessels [comb’s sign], and increased attenuation of mesenteric fat). On the left another patient with a non-persistent ring at the apex of a sliding hiatus hernia. In infants who are deemed unable to tolerate emergency repair, then a gastrostomy and sump drainage catheter may be performed to allow feeding and weight gain. The tracheoesophageal fistula may also develop without esophageal atresia. 2016 Aug 3. Symptoms in the form of abdominal distention, feeding intolerance, vomiting, blood in the stool, diarrhea, lethargy, instability of temperature and blood pressure, and apnea are usually seen in the first week of life.


A total radiation dose of 45 Gy was delivered in 15 fractions to the mass located near lumbar spine (L spine) 4 to 5 and a total dose of 39 Gy was delivered in 13 fractions to the right 7th rib. 1). This manifestation of underlying immunosuppression was seen in up to 90% of at risk individuals infected with HIV prior to the availability of ART6. The lifetime risk of developing sarcoidosis is 2.4% in African Americans compared to 0.85% in whites [6]. Mediastinoscopy revealed purulent fluid drainage from necrotic lymph nodes on day 3 of hospitalization. PET imaging using amino acids and amino acid analogs has shown significant potential for tumor detection in organ sites with an undesirable FDG-PET background or low FDG uptake tumors. The response of irradiated animals to antimicrobial therapy is sometimes unpredictable, as was evident in experimental studies where metronidazole [6] and pefloxacin [7] therapies were detrimental.

The clinical data retrieved from patient records included the presenting symptoms, findings on clinical examination, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status, findings of endoscopy, EUS examination, computed tomography (CT), EUS-FNA cytology, and histopathology of the endoscopic biopsy specimens. A variety of barium products are available commercially, and many are formulated for specific examinations depending on their density and viscosity. Common Cold or coryza is an acute infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract, caused by more than 100 kinds of common cold viruses. These abnormalities include vascular anomalies, diseases of the thyroid gland and lymph nodes, neoplasms of the trachea and esophagus, superior sulcus tumors, thoracic outlet syndrome, nerve sheath tumors, neoplasms of the thoracic spine and chest wall, infections of the lower neck and thoracic inlet, fibromatosis colli, lymphangiomas, fatty tumors, and abnormal thoracic configuration. For over 50 years, barium studies have been used to diagnose gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), but the value of this test is controversial. In the absence of specific radiographic features, endoscopy is the most accurate method for the diagnosis of esophageal involvement by GVHD. Teplick JG, Teplick SK, Ominsky SH, Haskin ME (1980) Esophagitis caused by oral medication.

Am J Gastroenterol. 18. Herpes esophagitis is visualized when barium pools in multiple small ulcers. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced small-bowel angioedema: clinical and imaging findings in 20 patients. Mucosal disease, such as ulcers, and small neoplasms will not be shown with this imaging modality. Because of the limitations of standard 24-hour pH monitoring, several new diagnostic modalities for GERD are under investigation. W., Swirsky, M.; Ann Chir Gynaecol.

This essential new reference presents the latest imaging technologies for diagnosing all diseases of the GI tract. Levine has served as the chief of the gastrointestinal section in the Department of Radiology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania since 1998. The term dysphagia is commonly used to describe a symptom that manifests as (a) subjective awareness of swallowing difficulty during the passage of a liquid or solid bolus from the mouth to the stomach, or (b) the perception of obstruction during swallowing. Although a variety of diagnostic procedures are often performed on patients with pharyngeal or esophageal symptoms, barium esophagography is a noninvasive, inexpensive, and readily available test that can simultaneously evaluate swallowing function, esophageal motility, gastroesophageal reflux, and a host of structural abnormalities in the pharynx and esophagus.